22 Oktober 2008

Lake Toba

picture courtesy by Goggle Picture and National geographic

Lake Toba, also known as Danau Toba, is the most famous tourist attraction in North Sumatra. Lake Toba, located in the heart of the Batak country, is the largest lake in Indonesia and also in Southeast Asia with a surface area over one thousand square kilometers. Lake Toba is also the deepest lake in the world with over four hundred and fifty meters deep

The Toba caldera complex in Northern Sumatra, Indonesia consists of four overlapping volcanic craters that adjoin the Sumatran "volcanic front". The youngest and fourth caldera is the world’s largest Quarternary caldera (100 by 30 kilometres) and intercepts the three older calderas.

An estimate of 2500-3000 cubic kilometres of dense-rock equivalent pyroclastic material, nicknamed the Youngest Toba tuff, was blasted from the youngest caldera during one of the largest single eruptions in geologic history. Following the "Youngest Toba tuff eruption", a typical resurgent dome formed within the new caldera, joining two half-domes separated by a longitudinal graben.There are at least four cones, four stratovolcanoes and three craters visible in the lake.

Most of the people who live around Lake Toba are ethnically Bataks. Traditional Batak houses are noted for their distinctive roofs (which curve upwards at each end, as a boat's hull does) and their colorful deco

17 Oktober 2008

Mount Merapi National Park

Mount Merapi or Gunung Merapi in Indonesian language (bahasa), is a conical volcano in Central Java, Indonesia. It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548. Its name means Mountain of Fire. It is very close to the city of Yogyakarta, and thousands of people live on the flanks of the volcano, with villages as high as 1700 m above sea level.

Several of its eruptions have caused fatalities. It was erupting from 1992 to 2002, and a particularly large explosion killed 43 people in 1994. It began erupting again in 2006, and scientists believe a large eruption is imminent. In light of the hazards it poses to populated areas, it has been designated a Decade Volcano.

Merapi is the youngest in a group of volcanoes in southern Java. It is situated at a subduction zone, where the Indo-Australian Plate is sliding beneath the Eurasian Plate. It is one of at least 129 active volcanoes in Indonesia, part of the Pacific Ring of Fire - a section of fault lines stretching from the Western Hemisphere through Japan and South East Asia.

Stratigraphic analysis reveals that eruptions in the Merapi area began about 400,000 years ago, and from then until about 10,000 years ago, eruptions were typically effusive, and the outflowing lava emitted was basaltic. Since then, eruptions have become more explosive, with viscous andesitic lavas often generating lava domes. Dome collapse has often generated pyroclastic flows, and larger explosions, which have resulted in eruption columns, have also generated pyroclastic flows through column collapse.

Typically, small eruptions occur every two to three years, and larger ones every 10-15 years or so. Notable eruptions, often causing many deaths, have occurred in 1006, 1786, 1822, 1872 (the most violent eruption in recent history), and 1930—when thirteen villages were destroyed and 1400 people killed by pyroclastic flows.

A very large eruption in 1006 is claimed to have covered all of central Java with ash. The volcanic devastation is claimed to have led to the collapse of the Hindu Kingdom of Mataram, however there is insufficient evidence from that era for this to be substantiated. Merapi continues hold particular significance for the Javanese: it is one of four places where officials from the royal palaces of Yogyakarta and Solo make annual offerings to placate the ancient Javanese spirits.

More like hers brother, Mount Merbabu is a favorite mountain for local and foreign mountaineers. The average temperature in its top is around 15 grade Celsius during the day, of course in the night, it’s biting cold.

The magnificent Merbabu is in the middle of Central Java Province, comes from the word "Meru" means mountain and "Babu" means female or lady. For years it has been known as a sleeping mountain, but in fact it has 5 calderas, namely: Condrodimuko, Kombang, Kendang, Rebab & Sambernyowo. Mt. Merbabu last eruption was in 1968 which caused a lot of erosion. Usually it gives a tranquile atmosphere to its green beautiful environment.

Gunung Merapi National Park consists of tropical forest ecosystem areas influenced by volcanic activity. Characteristics of the ecosystem vary from montane ecosystem, tropical mountainous forest, secondary forest, and timber plantation. Mount Merapi is often called as ”the heart” of Yogyakarta Province. Culturally, this area has a close connection with the community surrounding the Park. Many traditional ceremonies are conducted in this area.

Legal Basis of Designation:

Ministry of Forestry Decree

Number: 134/Menhut-II/2004

Dated 4 May 2004

Total area:

6,410 ha


1. Province of Central Java;

District of Boyolali, Klaten, and Magelang

2. Province of DI (Special Region) Yogyakarta;

District of Sleman

Geographic Position:

07°22’ - 07°52’ S and 110°15’ - 110°37’ E

History of the area

• 1931: the Dutch Government appointed Gunung Merapi Forest area as a protection forest;

• 1975: Ministry of Agriculture appointed part of the protection forest to be a Plawangan Turgo Strict Nature Reserve;

• 1984: Ministry of Forestry changed part of the protection forest located at the Yogyakarta Province to be Plawangan Turgo Nature Recreation Park;

• 1989: Ministry of Forestry appointed 282.25 ha of forest cluster located at Sleman District, in Yogyakarta province as Plawangan Turgo Strict Nature Reserve and Nature Recreation Park;

• 2004: Ministry of Forestry changed the statuses of the Protection Forest, the Strict Nature Reserve and the Nature Recreation Park of Gunung Merapi Forest Areas (6,410 ha) located in Magelang, Boyolali and Sleman Districts into Gunung Merapi National Park.


Geology and Soil

Geographically, Gunung Merapi NP is located at the cross section of two faults, transversal and longitudinal, of Java Island. The area is formed from two phases:

Volcanic sediment of young volcanic formed by tuff, pyroclastic, breccias, and andesitic to basaltic lava. They are evenly distributed at the entire area of Gunung Merapi, and

Volcanic sediment of early quaternary. It is found locally at small hilly topography areas at the Young Merapi Mountain. It is part of the Old Merapi Mountain activity. The sediment can be found at Bukit Gono, Turgo Plawangan, Maron and the Eastern part of Mount Merapi crater (Geger Boyo).

Most of the soil is regosol. The regosol soil is developed at volcanic slope. Because the Mount Merapi is the most active mountain in Indonesia, so the soil main materials came from volcanic materials. Regosol soil is categorized as young soil where the profile has not developed yet. This soil is characterized by its grey color to black color with the rough soil as course as sandy soil. The soil structure is not formed yet, so it is categorized as granular texture.

The andosol soil is also existed. This soil can be found at Cepogo and Selo sub-districts. The soil is characterized by the silt loam texture, grain or grainy block structure, friable consistency, mild permeability, mild to low organic content with pH 5.0-5.5, high saturated alkali and CEC (cation exchange capacity).


Gunung Merapi landscape is unique. It has deep slope close to the crater and slightly plain to the downward. The Eastern slope (Selo) is slightly deep, while the Western and Northern parts (Babadan and Kinahrejo) are relatively plain. The direction of the Gunung Merapi lava seldom goes to the East, but goes to the West and Northwest part. It is also often shown the explosion process, and the best slope is often resulted from the explosion. This makes the Western part more and more plain.

The peak of Mount Merapi located at 1,500 m asl with more than 30° of slope. The largest area is the 12-30° slope area. It is located in an altitude between 750 – 1,500 m asl and is functioned as the water catchment for the surrounding areas.


Based on Schmidt-Ferguson climate classification, the area is categorized as Ctype or slightly wet. It has various rainfalls, with the lowest rainfall is 875 mm/year and the highest rainfall is 2,527 mm/year. The wet months are from November to May, while the dry months are from June to October.


Generally, Mount Merapi is constituted from three main watersheds, namely Progo (West part), Opak (Central part), and Bengawan Solo (East part) watershed. The river systems form three river flow patterns, as follow:

Started from the peak of Mount Merapi , the intermittent form a radial and centrifugal river pattern;

At the foot of the mountain, the intermittent flow relatively parallel downward and form a sub parallel pattern, and

All the intermittent go to the main river located in the alluvial volcanic foot slope and form a sub-dendrite flow pattern.

This area has full soil water and has many springs used for irrigation, plantation, husbandry, fishpond, tourism objects and also for commercial water drinking company.


Gunung Merapi NP has three vegetation zones, as follow:

Upper zone; there is a xyrocere process on this zone, which is a primary succession of the dry stone forest. This area is dominated by lichens, grass, herbs and shrubs.

Middle Zone; it is a tropical mountain natural forest.

Lower zone; it is an interaction zone of human and nature. The vegetations are dominated by agroforestry system species that include grasses, commercial trees, horticulture, staple food, and timber.


There are around 72 flora species exist in Gunung Merapi Forest area. The primary forest is dominated by serangan (Castanopsis argentea), whereas it’s secondary forest is dominated by puspa (Schima walichii) and pines (Pinus merkusii). Other species are Acacia decurens, Bambusa spp., Albizia spp., Euphatorium inufolium, Lithocarpus elegans, Leucena galuca, L. leucoocephla, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Arthocarpus integra, Casuarina sp., Syzygium aromaticum, Melia azadirachta, Erythrina variegata, and Ficus alba.

More than 47 species of orchids are found in this area such as Dendrobium saggitatum, D. crumenatum, Eria retusa, Oboronia similis, Spathoglottis plicata, and one of the endemic orchid is Vanda tricolor.

There are also many species used by the community for their daily life including various grasses such as Imperata cylindrica, Panicum reptans, Antraxon typicus and Pogonatherum paniceum.



Leopard (Panthera pardus melas), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), three-striped ground squirel (Lariscus insignis), plantain squirrel (Callosciurus notatus), long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis), javan fuscous leaf monkey (Presbytis fredericae), wild pig (Sus scrofa vittatus), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak) and timor deer (Cervus timorensis).


Based on the inventarisation in 2001, there are 99 bird species at the Mount Merapi area. Some of them are endemic and have limited territory distribution such as javan hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi), scarlet sunbird (Aethopyga mystacalis), white-flanked sunbird (A. eximia), javan kingfisher (Halcyon cyanoventris), and yellow-throated hanging-parrot (Loriculus pusillus). The other species can be found are black eagle (Ictinaetus malayensis), chinese goshawk (Accipiter soloensis), oriental hobby (Falco severus), blood-breasted flowerpecker (Dicaeum sanguinolentum), orange spotted bulbul (Pycnonotus bimaculatus), spotted dove (Streptopelia chinensis) and javan munia (Lonchura leucogastroides).


Indo-chinese rat snake (Pytas korros), white-lipped pit-viper (Trimeresurus albolabris) and anglehead lizard (Gonocephalus sp.).


Interesting objects

Gunung Merapi NP has many interesting tourism objects such as:

Upper Merapi Area; there are four craters namely Pasar Bubar, Pusung London, Kawah 48 and Kawah 46, with five fumaroles fields namely Woro I, II, III and Gendol A and B. The mountain eruption is the interesting attraction in this area.

Wonoleko location; the attractive object in this area is a beautiful waterfall.

Kinahrejo Tracking - Tlogo Muncar route; a view of tropical mountain forest with beautiful flora and fauna.

Tlogo Muncar and Tlogo Putri; There are beautiful nature view and swimming pools that has a high historical value. For local community, the pool is believed to be a bathing place of Princess Dewi Condrokirono from the Majapahit kingdom.

Arboretum of Kaliurang; This arboretum collects native species and exotic species such as Pines.

Turgo Hill; It is a dirt track to Syeh Jumadil Qubra tomb, including the Japanese and Ledik Paku caves.

Plawangan Hill; It has beautiful scenery and a Japanese cave at the top of the hill. It is easily reached by foot.

Kaliurang Area; There are private lands that intensively managed for agrotourism.

Lembah Sungai Boyong - Kali Urang Barat; It is a river valley landscape remained from the pirolastic flow/hot ash. This place is very potential to be developed for tourism with special purpose, such as volcanic tourism.

Turgo Traditional Village; Visitor can enjoy the traditional cultures form the community in Java, especially Yogyakarta. The culture represents a harmony of life between human and nature.

Javanese Traditional Architecture; Java traditional house has traditional and sacred values. Each part of the house has its own meaning and represents the relationship between human and God.

Community beliefs; Communities in Mount Merapi, especially those who stay at the southern part (Yogyakarta and surrounding areas) believe that the dynamic of Mount Merapi is strongly linked with the supernatural phenomena. For this reason, many ritual ceremonies are held by the communities, including the labuhan ceremony, to prevent the mountain explotion, Tuesday Kliwon night ceremony, Friday Kliwon night ceremony, animals ceremony, and many more. The ceremonies are attraction for visitors because of the unique experience that hardly found in any other places.

Tourism object in Gunung Merapi NP are managed by various institutions, including the Tourism district office, forestry district office, Perum Perhutani (state owned forest company), privates, as well as the communities/villages.

Best time to visit

June to November


Information center, camping ground, observation tower

How to get there

The National Park can be reached from three routes:

Yogyakarta - Gunung Merapi (30 km)

Magelang (Muntilan) - Gunung Merapi (14 km)

Boyolali - Gunung Merapi (25 km)

All the routes can be reached by car or public transportation.


The National Park is managed by Balai Taman National Gunung Merapi as a Technical Management Unit of the Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, from Ministry of Forestry.


Balai Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi
Jl. Kaliurang Km. 19.4, Dusun Banjarsari,
Desa Pakembinangun, Pakem, Sleman,
D.I. Yogyakarta Province 55582
Phone: +62-274-6567925

1 Oktober 2008

Raja Ampat Islands National Marine Park

Raja Ampat Island is the most western district of the Indonesian province of Papua. Raja Ampat consists of an area surrounding four major island off the western coast of Birds Head Panisula of New Guinea Island. The western half of which is Indonesia and the eastern half, Papua New Guinea. The province was called Irian Jaya, and its a cluster of over 1500 small Islands.

Raja Ampat is the most bio-diverse location in the world more than 3000 species of fishes and over 300 species of corals have been identified here, in a single one and half hour dive you can identified more than 282 fish species and more than 400 species.

As stunningly beautiful above water as it is below, Raja Ampat (which literally translates as “The Four Kings”) has a startling diversity of habitats to explore. Each of these – from the stark wave-pounded slopes that drop away beneath the karst cliffs of Wayag and Uranie to the deep, nutrient-rich bays of Mayalibit, Kabui and Aljui to the “blue water mangrove” channels of Kofiau and Gam to the plankton-rich upwelling areas of Misool and the Dampier Strait – are home to unique assemblages of species that, when taken together, add to produce the most impressive species lists ever compiled for a coral reef system of this size.

Marine tourism, as a sustainable alternative to overfishing, mining, and logging, has the potential to play a key role in the conservation of Raja Ampat’s spectacular underwater realm, while also creating real benefits for the local communities. This website was designed as part of a larger effort to support the growth of sustainable marine tourism in Raja Ampat and the conservation of these magical islands.

20 September 2008

Tabur Buya Tree

Welcome Rainy Days.......
penantian selama 3 taon, pohon Tabur Buya di belakang rumah berbunga......

Treatment For Sugar (Diabetes) - Lady Finger

Please note that another name for Lady Finger (Bhindi ) is " OKRA ".

Last month in one of TV program I learnt of a treatment of Sugar
(Diabetes). Since I am diabetic, I tried it and it was very useful and my
Sugar is in control now. In fact I have already reduced my medicine.
Take two pieces of Lady Finger (Bhindi) and remove/cut both ends of each
piece. Also put a small cut in the middle and put these two pieces in
glass of water. Cover the glass and keep it at room temperature during
night. Early morning, before breakfast simply remove two pieces of lady
finger (bhindi) from the glass and drink that water.
Keep doing it on daily basis.
Within two weeks, you will see remarkable results in reduction of your
My sister has got rid of her diabetes. She was on Insulin for a few
years, but after taking the lady fingers every morning for a few months,
she has stopped Insulin but continues to take the lady fingers every
day. But she chops the lady fingers into fine pieces in the night, adds
the water and drinks it all up the next morning. Please. try it as it
will not do you any harm even if it does not do much good to you, but U
have to keep taking it for a few months before U see results, as most
cases might be chronic.

Macaroni Corn Soup of The Day

Pagi ini, sambil baca koran saya menikmati "Macaroni Corn Soup"...mmmmmm
simple step how to make a soup:
pertama-tama kita siapkan bahannya dulu yaitu: Macaroni instan (saya pakai La Fonte), jagung manis dan keju parut.
kedua, ikuti petunjuk cara memasak macaroni instant yang ada dibalik kemasan.
ketiga, dalam keadaan hampir matang masukkan jagung manis kemudian masak sampai matang.
terakhir, tambahkan keju parut diatas sup (optional, sesuai selera)
Untuk menemani sup, kita dapat menikmati kopi susu hangat bersama wafer coklat.....mmmmm. Tambah lengkap.
Selamat mencoba.

Komodo National Park

Komodo National Park includes three major islands: Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as numerous smaller islands creating a total surface area (marine and land) of 1817km (proposed extensions would bring the total surface area up to 2,321km2). As well as being home to the Komodo dragon, the Park provides refuge for many other notable terrestrial species such as the orange-footed scrub fowl, an endemic rat, and the Timor deer.

Moreover, the Park includes one of the richest marine environments including coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, seamounts, and semi-enclosed bays. These habitats harbor more than 1,000 species of fish, some 260 species of reef-building coral, and 70 species of sponges. Dugong, sharks, manta rays, at least 14 species of whales, dolphins, and sea turtles also make Komodo National Park their home.

Threats to terrestrial biodiversity include the increasing pressure on forest cover and water resources as the local human population has increased 800% over the past 60 years. In addition, the Timor deer population, the preferred prey source for the endangered Komodo dragon, is still being poached. Destructive fishing practices such as dynamite-, cyanide, and compressor fishing severely threaten the Park's marine resources by destroying both the habitat (coral reefs) and the resource itself (fish and invertebrate stocks).

The present situation in the Park is characterized by reduced but continuing destructive fishing practices primarily by immigrant fishers, and high pressure on demersal stocks like lobsters, shellfish, groupers and napoleon wrasse. Pollution inputs, ranging from raw sewage to chemicals, are increasing and may pose a major threat in the future.

Top 100 Indonesia Wonders of Nature - Hidden Paradisen in The Earth Planet

12 September 2008

home made sandwich

kalo pagi-pagi lagi pengen nyoba makanan agak berat tapi gampang. nah ini dia boleh dicoba deh.
pertama-tama, siapin 3 tangkup roti tawar (terserah boleh pake yg gandum/plain)
kedua, isi roti dengan: smoked beef, letuce, tomat, telur dadar.
ketiga, jangan lupa pake olesan mayonise dan saos sambel (sesuai selera)

selamat mencoba ya!!!!!

10 September 2008

My new MacBook Pro

akhirnya dapet juga, setelah inden 3 minggu nehh barang sampai di tangan.
ngak tau kenapa sekarang ini produk apple jadi most wanted.
Memang sudah 4 bulan lebih saya mengidamkan MacBook Pro, tapi masih banyak pilihan yang harus saya ambil sebelum keputusan ini keluar.
yang pertama karena harga, emang tinggi sih tapi sesuai kok sama kualitasnya. ngak bakalan kecewa.
Kedua, saya sempet bingung antara ambil SONY VAIO CR35 atau MacBook.
Ketiga, opsion antara MacBook or MacBook Pro?
Setelah tanya sana-sini, baca-baca review dan browsing2, Ngak salah pilihan tetep jatuh ke MacBook Pro 133.

4 Agustus 2008

Bunaken Marine National Park, North Celebes

picture courtesy by goggle picture

What visit to North Sulawesi is complete without one day to view the spectacular coral gardens of the Bunaken Marine Reserve. Declared a Marine Park in 1991, it is acknowledged as one of the top dive sites in the world. It is about 40 minutes drive from the resort to one of the dive centers or to the central harbor, where a motorized outrigger canoe or dive boat will whisk you to Bunaken Island in about 45 minutes.

Bunaken National Park is Marine Park with the most various species in the world. The fascination under water life in water territory of this a real Bunaken national park varieties, specific, on unique, and exotic, make this area as the beautiful North Sulawesi tourism and grow as one of famous marine park tourism object in the world.

Darwis Triadi workshop at Sheraton Hotel - Surabaya

Awal Juni lalu Darwis Triadi mengadakan workshop di Hotel Sheraton Surabaya dengan tema "Glamourus Photography". Diikuti lebih dari 200 orang peserta dari yang amatir sampai profesional. Disini Darwis juga memperkenalkan pembukaan "Darwis Triadi School of Photogaphy" dipertengahan Juni 2008.

22 Mei 2008

Lorentz National Park

Lorentz National Park - one of the World's Heritage site with 2.4 million hectaresis the largest protected area in South-East Asia. It is the only protected area in the world to incorporate a continuous, intact transect from snowcap to tropical marine environment.

The site is the largest protected area in Southeast Asia (2.35 mil. ha.) and the only protected area in the world which incorporates a continuous, intact transect from snow cap to tropical marine environment, including extensive lowland wetlands.

Located at the meeting point of two colliding continental plates, the area has a complex geology with on-going mountain formation as well as major sculpting by glaciation and shoreline accretion which has formed much of the lowland areas.

These processes have led to a high level of endemism and the area supports the highest level of biodiversity in the region. The area also contains fossil sites that record the evolution of life on New Guinea.

An outstanding example of the biodiversity of New Guinea, Lorentz is one of the most ecologically diverse national parks in the world. It is the only nature reserve in the Asia-Pacific region to contain a full altitudial array of ecosystems spanning from marine areas, mangrove, tidal and freshwater swamp forest, lowland and montane rainforest, alpine areas, and equatorial glaciers.

At 4884 meters, Puncak Jaya (formerly Carstensz Pyramid) is the tallest mountain between the Himalayas and the Andes.
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